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Apa itu Elektronika ?

Written By TEKNIK KETENAGALISTRIKAN on Tuesday, April 16, 2013 | 11:49 AM

Pengertian elektronika adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang gerakan elektron dalam ruang hampa atau ruang berisi gas bertekanan rendah, seperti pada tabung hampa
, tabung gas, semikonduktor dari superkonduktor beserta kegunaannya. Sedangkan pengertian elektronik adalah alat yang dibuat berdasarkan prinsip elektronika. Hal atau benda yang menggunakan alat-alat yang dibentuk atau bekerja atas dasar elektronika.
Ada beberapa definisi dari para ahli yang dapat memberikan gambaran pengertian tentang elektronika, sebagai berikut :
1)  Menurut Fitrzgerald, Higginbotham dan Grabel
“Electronics is the branch of Electronical Engineering which deals extensively with the transfer of information by means of electromagnetic energy”. Artinya : Elektronika adalah cabang ilmu listrik yang bersangkutan secara luas dengan alih informasi menggunakan tenaga elektromagnetik.
2)  Menurut J. Millman
“Electronics is the science and the technology of the passage of charged particles in a gas, in a vaccum, or in a semiconductor”. Artinya : Elektronika adalah ilmu dan teknologi tentang melintasnya partikel bermuatan listrik di dalam suatu gas atau suatu ruang hampa, atau suatu semikonduktor.
3)  Menurut E. Carol Young
“The study, design, and use of devices that depend  on the conduction of electricity through a vaccum, gas, or semiconductor”. Artinya : Elektronika meliputi studi, perancangan dan penggunaan piranti-piranti yang berdasar hantaran listrik di dalam suatu ruang hampa, gas dan semikonduktor.
4)  Menurut H.C. Yohannes
Elektronika ialah ilmu yang mempelajari sifat-sifat dan pemakaian piranti (“devices” = alat) yang asas kerjanya ialah aliran elektron dalam ruang hampa atau gas (seperti dalam tabung-tabung radio) dan aliran elektron dalam semipenghantar (seperti misalnya dalam transistor).
Dari definisi-definisi tersebut pada hakikatnya pengertian elektronika adalah mempelajari pengendalian dan penerapan gerakan partikel pembawa muatan (elektron) dalam ruang hampa, gas atau semikonduktor.

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